For the purpose of the European Landscape Convention of the Council of Europe, “landscape policy” means “an expression by the competent public authorities of general principles, strategies and guidelines that permit the taking of specific measures aimed at the protection, management and planning of landscapes”. “Landscape” means “an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors”; “Landscape protection” means “actions to conserve and maintain the significant or characteristic features of a landscape, justified by its heritage value derived from its natural configuration and/or from human activity”; “Landscape management” means “action, from a perspective of sustainable development, to ensure the regular upkeep of a landscape, so as to guide and harmonise changes, which are brought about by social, economic and environmental processes”; and “Landscape planning” means “strong forward-looking action to enhance, restore or create landscapes”.
Taking into account that the Convention includes “inland water and marine areas”, the Meeting will focus of public landscape policies on inland water and marine areas.
The purpose of the Meeting is to present and share national, regional and local policy experiences related to the presence of water in landscapes and the protection and management of water resources, including:
1. Recognising landscapes in law as an essential component of people’s surroundings, an expression of the diversity of their shared cultural and natural heritage, and a foundation of their identity.
2. Establishing and implementing landscape policies aimed at landscape protection, management and planning through the adoption of the specific measures (set out in the Convention).
3. Establishing procedures for the participation of the general public, local and regional authorities, and other parties with an interest in the definition and implementation of the landscape policies.
4. Integrating landscape into its regional and town planning policies and in its cultural, environmental, agricultural, social and economic policies, as well as in any other policies with possible direct or indirect impact on landscape, and in this case, with a specific focus on policies for the management of water resources and the presence of water in the landscape.
The conclusions of the Meeting will be presented at the 10th Council of Europe Conference on the implementation of the European Landscape Convention (Palais de l’Europe, Strasbourg, 6-7 May 2019), and at the Meeting of the Steering Committee for Culture, Heritage and Landscape (CDCPP).